Coverings and topical agents and their effects on the treatment of venous lesions: integrative review

Autores

  • Simone Karine da Costa Mesquita
  • Luana Souza Freitas
  • Lorena Brito do O’
  • Anna Alice Carmo Gonçalves
  • Jayane da Silva Oliveira Linhares
  • Rhayssa de Oliveira e Araújo
  • Isabelle Katherinne Fernandes Costa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26694/reufpi.v12i1.3868

Palavras-chave:

Enfermagem, Úlcera Varicosa, Úlcera da Perna, Terapêutica, Curativos Oclusivos

Resumo

Objetivo: Identificar na literatura coberturas e agentes tópicos utilizados no tratamento de lesões venosas e descrever os efeitos encontrados. Métodos: Revisão integrativa da literatura, realizada em bases de dados nacionais e internacionais, com uso dos seguintes descritores: úlcera varicosa; úlcera da perna; curativos oclusivos; terapêutica e suas respectivas traduções em inglês. Incluíram-se artigos publicados no período entre 2014 e 2022, sem limitação de idioma. Resultados: Identificaram-se 22 agentes tópicos/coberturas nos 24 artigos selecionados, com predomínio da carboximetilcelulose (n=4), gel de papaína (n=3) e polihexametileno biguanida (n=2), gel de plaquetas (n=2) e tecnologia como lipido-coloide-nano oligossacarídeo (n=2). Conclusão: Os 22 agentes tópicos/coberturas encontrados foram capazes de acelerar a cicatrização, diminuir o exsudato e tecidos desvitalizados, controlar a carga bacteriana, modular a inflamação e reduzir a dor e o odor. A partir da pesquisa também se identificaram as indicações, os resultados e as recomendações dos agentes/coberturas. Entretanto, ressalta-se a importância da realização de pesquisas clínicas de qualidade que contribuam para o planejamento e a tomada de decisões na assistência de enfermagem às pessoas com lesões venosas.

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Publicado

2023-07-20

Como Citar

1.
Mesquita SK da C, Freitas LS, O’ LB do, Gonçalves AAC, Linhares J da SO, Araújo R de O e, Costa IKF. Coverings and topical agents and their effects on the treatment of venous lesions: integrative review. Rev Enferm UFPI [Internet]. 20º de julho de 2023 [citado 19º de abril de 2024];12(1). Disponível em: http://periodicos.ufpi.br/index.php/reufpi/article/view/3868

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