Factors related to long COVID in the adult population of Brazil

Autores

  • Aélya Drisana Dias Gomes de Araújo
  • Jéssica Maria Silva de Carvalho
  • Francisca Tereza de Galiza
  • Fernando José Guedes da Silva Júnior
  • Chrystiany Plácido de Brito Vieira
  • Emanoelle Fernandes Silva

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26694/reufpi.v12i1.3811

Palavras-chave:

COVID-19, COVID longa, Sinais e sintomas, Fatores de risco, Brasil

Resumo

Objetivo: Analisar os fatores relacionados à COVID longa na população adulta do Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal analítico, do tipo web-survey, com abordagem quantitativa. A amostragem foi não probabilística, do tipo intencional, e incluiu 228 adultos brasileiros que testaram positivo para COVID-19. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de questionário online. Para verificar a associação entre variáveis qualitativas, utilizou-se o Teste Qui-quadrado ou Teste Exato de Fisher e, nas quantitativas, aplicou-se o Teste de Mann-Whitney com significância de 0,05. Resultados: Constatou-se que houve associação de variáveis sociodemográficas com a COVID longa. Observa-se maior média de idade entre aqueles em que persistiram os sintomas (p=0,041). A renda familiar daqueles com sintomas persistentes era inferior à dos indivíduos sem persistência (p=0,005). A prática de atividade física esteve associada a não persistência dos sintomas (p=0,024). A hipertensão arterial foi a comorbidade mais prevalente naqueles com sintomas persistentes (5,9%). No quadro clínico de COVID-19 associado à persistência dos sintomas, identificam-se calafrios (p-valor=0,009), cefaleia (p-valor=0,0027), tosse (p-valor=0,000), anosmia (p-valor=0,048), ageusia (p-valor=0,013), dispneia (p-valor=0,000) e diarreia (p-valor=0,018). O sintoma de COVID longa mais prevalente foi fadiga (62,89%). Conclusão: Idade e renda estiveram associadas à COVID longa. Praticar atividade física esteve associado a não persistência de sintomas.

Biografia do Autor

Francisca Tereza de Galiza




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Publicado

2023-10-24

Como Citar

1.
Araújo ADDG de, Carvalho JMS de, Galiza FT de, Silva Júnior FJG da, Vieira CP de B, Silva EF. Factors related to long COVID in the adult population of Brazil. Rev Enferm UFPI [Internet]. 24º de outubro de 2023 [citado 2º de março de 2024];12(1). Disponível em: http://periodicos.ufpi.br/index.php/reufpi/article/view/3811

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Original

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